The Covenant Renewal Ceremony at Shechem (Josh. 24:2–27) Compared with Other Ancient Treaties

Element Function Verses
preamble introduces the suzerain (i.e., the sovereign) v. 2
historical prologue recounts the suzerain’s past gracious dealings with the vassal (i.e., the subordinate) vv. 2–13
stipulations outlines the vassal’s consequent responsibilities in respect to the suzerain vv. 14–24
written record preserves the covenant agreement v. 26
witnesses named vv. 26–27; see v. 22
blessings and curses considered implicit through­out, esp. in v. 20