Judgment on Judah’s Enemies
2 Gather together, yes, gather,
O sshameless nation,
2 tbefore the decree takes effect1
—before the day passes away ulike chaff—
vbefore there comes upon you
the burning anger of the Lord,
before there comes upon you
the day of the anger of the Lord.
3 wSeek the Lord, xall you humble of the land,
who do his just commands;2
yseek righteousness; seek humility;
on the day of the anger of the Lord.
4 aFor Gaza shall be deserted,
and Ashkelon shall become a desolation;
Ashdod’s people shall be driven out at noon,
and Ekron shall be uprooted.
5 Woe to byou inhabitants of the seacoast,
you nation of cthe Cherethites!
dThe word of the Lord is against you,
eO Canaan, land of the Philistines;
and I will destroy you funtil no inhabitant is left.
6 gAnd you, O seacoast, hshall be pastures,
with meadows3 for shepherds
and folds for flocks.
7 iThe seacoast shall become the possession
of jthe remnant of the house of Judah,
hon which they shall graze,
and in the houses of Ashkelon
they shall lie down at evening.
For the Lord their God kwill be mindful of them
and lrestore their fortunes.
8 “I have heard mthe taunts of Moab
and nthe revilings of the Ammonites,
how they have taunted my people
and made boasts oagainst their territory.
9 Therefore, pas I live,” declares the Lord of hosts,
the God of Israel,
“Moab shall become qlike Sodom,
and the Ammonites qlike Gomorrah,
a land possessed by nettles and salt pits,
and a waste forever.
The remnant of my people shall plunder them,
and the survivors of my nation shall possess them.”
10 This shall be their lot in return rfor their pride,
because they taunted and boasted
against the people of the Lord of hosts.
11 The Lord will be awesome against them;
sfor he will famish all the gods of the earth,
and tto him shall bow down,
each in its place,
all uthe lands of the nations.
12 vYou also, O Cushites,
shall be slain by my sword.
13 And he will stretch out his hand against the north
wand destroy Assyria,
and he xwill make Nineveh a desolation,
a dry waste like the desert.
14 yHerds shall lie down in her midst,
all kinds of beasts;4
zeven the owl and the hedgehog5
shall lodge in her capitals;
a voice shall hoot in the window;
devastation will be on the threshold;
for aher cedar work will be laid bare.
15 This is the exultant city
bthat lived securely,
that said in her heart,
“I am, and there is no one else.”
What a desolation she has become,
ca lair for wild beasts!
dEveryone who passes by her
hisses and eshakes his fist.
Judgment on Jerusalem and the Nations
3 Woe to her who is rebellious and defiled,
fthe oppressing city!
2 She listens to no voice;
gshe accepts no correction.
hShe does not trust in the Lord;
she does not draw near to her God.
3 iHer officials within her
are roaring lions;
her judges are jevening wolves
that leave nothing till the morning.
4 kHer prophets are fickle, treacherous men;
kher priests lprofane what is holy;
they do violence to the law.
5 The Lord within her mis righteous;
he does no injustice;
every morning he shows forth his justice;
each dawn he does not fail;
but nthe unjust knows no shame.
6 o“I have cut off nations;
their battlements are in ruins;
I have laid waste their streets
pso that no one walks in them;
their cities have been made desolate,
without a man, without an inhabitant.
7 qI said, ‘Surely you will fear me;
ryou will accept correction.
Then your1 dwelling would not be cut off
according to all that I have appointed against you.’2
But sall the more they were eager
to make all their deeds corrupt.
8 “Therefore twait for me,” declares the Lord,
“for the day when I rise up to seize the prey.
For my decision is uto gather nations,
to assemble kingdoms,
to pour out upon them my indignation,
all my burning anger;
for in the fire of my jealousy
vall the earth shall be consumed.
The Conversion of the Nations
9 “For at that time I will change the speech of the peoples
to wa pure speech,
that all of them may call upon the name of the Lord
and serve him with one accord.
10 xFrom beyond the rivers yof Cush
my worshipers, the daughter of my dispersed ones,
shall bring my offering.
11 z“On that day ayou shall not be put to shame
because of the deeds by which you have rebelled against me;
for then bI will remove from your midst
your proudly exultant ones,
and cyou shall no longer be haughty
in my holy mountain.
12 But I will leave in your midst
a people dhumble and lowly.
eThey shall seek refuge in the name of the Lord,
13 fthose who are left in Israel;
they gshall do no injustice
and speak no lies,
hnor shall there be found in their mouth
a deceitful tongue.
iFor they shall graze and lie down,
and none shall make them afraid.”
Israel’s Joy and Restoration
14 jSing aloud, O daughter of Zion;
shout, O Israel!
Rejoice and exult with all your heart,
O daughter of Jerusalem!
15 The Lord has taken away the judgments against you;
he has cleared away your enemies.
kThe King of Israel, lthe Lord, is in your midst;
you shall never again fear evil.
16 zOn that day it shall be said to Jerusalem:
“Fear not, O Zion;
mlet not your hands grow weak.
17 lThe Lord your God is in your midst,
na mighty one who will save;
ohe will rejoice over you with gladness;
he will quiet you by his love;
he will exult over you with loud singing.
18 I will gather those of you who mourn pfor the festival,
so that you will no longer suffer reproach.3
19 Behold, at that time qI will deal
with all your oppressors.
And rI will save the lame
and gather the outcast,
and I will change stheir shame into tpraise
and renown in all the earth.
20 uAt that time I will bring you in,
at the time when I gather you together;
for I will make you renowned and praised
among all the peoples of the earth,
vwhen I restore your fortunes
before your eyes,” says the Lord.
The Command to Rebuild the Temple
1 aIn the second year of Darius the king, in the sixth month, on the first day of the month, the word of the Lord came by the hand of Haggai the prophet to bZerubbabel the son of cShealtiel, governor of Judah, and to dJoshua the son of eJehozadak, the high priest: 2 “Thus says the Lord of hosts: These people say the time has not yet come to rebuild the house of the Lord.” 3 Then the word of the Lord came fby the hand of Haggai the prophet, 4 g“Is it a time for you yourselves to dwell in your paneled houses, while hthis house lies in ruins? 5 Now, therefore, thus says the Lord of hosts: iConsider your ways. 6 jYou have sown much, and harvested little. kYou eat, but you never have enough; you drink, but you never have your fill. You clothe yourselves, but no one is warm. And he who learns wages does so to put them into a bag with holes.
7 “Thus says the Lord of hosts: iConsider your ways. 8 Go up to the hills and bring wood and build the house, that mI may take pleasure in it and that nI may be glorified, says the Lord. 9 jYou looked for much, and behold, it came to little. And when you brought it home, oI blew it away. Why? declares the Lord of hosts. Because of my house hthat lies in ruins, while each of you busies himself with his own house. 10 Therefore pthe heavens above you have withheld the dew, and the earth has withheld its produce. 11 And qI have called for a drought on the land and the hills, on rthe grain, the new wine, the oil, on what the ground brings forth, on man and beast, and son all their labors.”
The People Obey the Lord
12 tThen uZerubbabel the son of Shealtiel, and uJoshua the son of Jehozadak, the high priest, with all vthe remnant of the people, obeyed the voice of the Lord their God, and the words of Haggai the prophet, as the Lord their God had sent him. And the people feared the Lord. 13 Then Haggai, the messenger of the Lord, spoke to the people with the Lord’s message, w“I am with you, declares the Lord.” 14 And xthe Lord stirred up the spirit of uZerubbabel the son of Shealtiel, governor of Judah, and the spirit of yJoshua the son of Jehozadak, the high priest, and the spirit of all zthe remnant of the people. And they came and aworked on the house of the Lord of hosts, their God, 15 bon the twenty-fourth day of the month, in the sixth month, in the second year of Darius the king.
The Coming Glory of the Temple
2 cIn the seventh month, on the twenty-first day of the month, the word of the Lord came by the hand of Haggai the prophet: 2 “Speak now to dZerubbabel the son of Shealtiel, governor of Judah, and to dJoshua the son of Jehozadak, the high priest, and to all the remnant of the people, and say, 3 e‘Who is left among you who saw this house fin its former glory? How do you see it now? gIs it not as nothing in your eyes? 4 Yet now hbe strong, O dZerubbabel, declares the Lord. hBe strong, O dJoshua, son of Jehozadak, the high priest. hBe strong, all you people of the land, declares the Lord. iWork, for jI am with you, declares the Lord of hosts, 5 kaccording to the covenant that I made with you when you came out of Egypt. lMy Spirit remains in your midst. mFear not. 6 For thus says the Lord of hosts: nYet once more, in a little while, oI will shake the heavens and the earth and the sea and the dry land. 7 And I will shake all nations, so that the treasures of all nations shall come in, and pI will fill this house with glory, says the Lord of hosts. 8 qThe silver is mine, and the gold is mine, declares the Lord of hosts. 9 rThe latter glory of this house shall be greater than the former, says the Lord of hosts. And sin this place I will give peace, declares the Lord of hosts.’”
Blessings for a Defiled People
10 tOn the twenty-fourth day of the ninth month, uin the second year of Darius, the word of the Lord came by Haggai the prophet, 11 “Thus says the Lord of hosts: vAsk the priests about the law: 12 ‘If someone carries wholy meat in the fold of his garment and touches with his fold bread or stew or wine or oil or any kind of food, does it become holy?’” The priests answered and said, x“No.” 13 Then Haggai said, y“If someone who is unclean by contact with a dead body ztouches any of these, does it become unclean?” The priests answered and said, “It does become unclean.” 14 Then Haggai answered and said, a“So is it with this people, and with this nation before me, declares the Lord, and so with every work of their hands. And what they offer there is unclean. 15 Now then, bconsider from this day onward.1 Before stone was placed upon stone in the temple of the Lord, 16 how did you fare? cWhen2 one came to a heap of twenty measures, there were but ten. When one came to the wine vat to draw fifty measures, there were but twenty. 17 dI struck you and all the products of your toil with blight and with mildew and with hail, eyet you did not turn to me, declares the Lord. 18 bConsider from this day onward, ffrom the twenty-fourth day of the ninth month. Since gthe day that the foundation of the Lord’s temple was laid, bconsider: 19 hIs the seed yet in the barn? Indeed, the vine, the fig tree, the pomegranate, and the olive tree have yielded nothing. But from this day on iI will bless you.”
Zerubbabel Chosen as a Signet
20 The word of the Lord came a second time to Haggai fon the twenty-fourth day of the month, 21 “Speak to jZerubbabel, governor of Judah, saying, kI am about to shake the heavens and the earth, 22 and lto overthrow the throne of kingdoms. I am about to destroy the strength of the kingdoms of the nations, and moverthrow the chariots and their riders. And the horses and their riders shall go down, nevery one by the sword of his brother. 23 On that day, declares the Lord of hosts, I will take you, O jZerubbabel omy servant, the son of pShealtiel, declares the Lord, and make you qlike a3 signet ring, ofor I have chosen you, declares the Lord of hosts.”
A Call to Return to the Lord
1 In the eighth month, ain the second year of Darius, the word of the Lord came to the prophet bZechariah, the son of cBerechiah, son of dIddo, saying, 2 e“The Lord was very angry with your fathers. 3 Therefore say to them, Thus declares the Lord of hosts: fReturn to me, says the Lord of hosts, and gI will return to you, says the Lord of hosts. 4 hDo not be like your fathers, ito whom the former prophets cried out, ‘Thus says the Lord of hosts, fReturn from your evil ways and from your evil deeds.’ But jthey did not hear or pay attention to me, declares the Lord. 5 Your fathers, where are they? And kthe prophets, do they live forever? 6 lBut my words and my statutes, which I commanded mmy servants the prophets, did they not novertake your fathers? So they repented and said, o‘As the Lord of hosts purposed to deal with us for pour ways and pdeeds, so has he dealt with us.’”
A Vision of a Horseman
7 On the twenty-fourth day of the eleventh month, which is the month of Shebat, in the second year of Darius, the word of the Lord came to the prophet bZechariah, the son of cBerechiah, son of dIddo, saying, 8 “I saw in the night, and behold, qa man riding on a red horse! He was standing among the myrtle trees in the glen, and behind him were rred, sorrel, and white horses. 9 Then I said, ‘What are these, my lord?’ sThe angel who talked with me said to me, ‘I will show you what they are.’ 10 So qthe man who was standing among the myrtle trees answered, t‘These are they whom the Lord has sent to upatrol the earth.’ 11 And they answered sthe angel of the Lord who was standing among the myrtle trees, and said, u‘We have patrolled the earth, and behold, all the earth vremains at rest.’ 12 Then sthe angel of the Lord said, w‘O Lord of hosts, whow long will you xhave no mercy on Jerusalem and the cities of Judah, against which you have been angry these yseventy years?’ 13 And the Lord answered zgracious and comforting words to sthe angel who talked with me. 14 So sthe angel who talked with me said to me, ‘Cry out, Thus says the Lord of hosts: aI am exceedingly jealous for Jerusalem and for Zion. 15 bAnd I am exceedingly angry with the nations that are cat ease; dfor while I was angry but a little, ethey furthered the disaster. 16 Therefore, thus says the Lord, fI have returned to Jerusalem with mercy; gmy house shall be built in it, declares the Lord of hosts, and hthe measuring line shall be stretched out over Jerusalem. 17 Cry out again, Thus says the Lord of hosts: iMy cities shall again overflow with prosperity, jand the Lord will again comfort Zion and again kchoose Jerusalem.’”
A Vision of Horns and Craftsmen
18 1 And I lifted my eyes and saw, and behold, lfour horns! 19 And I said to sthe angel who talked with me, “What are these?” And he said to me, l“These are the horns that have scattered Judah, Israel, and Jerusalem.” 20 Then the Lord showed me four craftsmen. 21 And I said, “What are these coming to do?” He said, l“These are the horns that scattered Judah, so that no one raised his head. And these have come mto terrify them, to cast down the horns of the nations nwho lifted up their horns against the land of Judah to scatter it.”